Indonesia adopts AIoT to manage traffic

  • October 25, 2022
  • William Payne

The world’s fourth most populated country, Indonesia also suffers from one of the world’s largest traffic congestion challenges, especially in its most densely populated regions such as Jakarta and South Sumatra. To address this challenge, the traffic department of Indonesia’s national police force has adopted an AIoT solution from Hikvision, which includes use of smart traffic cameras with customised algorithms and integrated into the country’s national e-ticketing platform.

Many of Indonesia’s densely populated regions suffer from chronic congestion due to growing numbers of vehicle along with traffic violations and accidents. Lack of a smart video system has caused unmanageable amounts of manual work. The burden of managing this has fallen principally on the traffic police, who have had to keep eyes on each camera present in their assigned areas to drivers violating traffic laws. When police did spot a driver violating the rules, they have had to manually note down the vehicle number and file a report. This required around the clock manual monitoring and excessive amounts of manpower. It has also resulted in many human errors with traffic ticket handling and administration.

To resolve these challenges, the country’s police force turned to a solution based on AI-powered cameras and automated integration with the country’s national speed ticketing system. To implement the Electronic Traffic Law Enforcement programme, or ETLE, Korlantas, the country’s national traffic police, turned to Chinese CCTV and video surveillance company, Hikvision.

To address Indonesia’s ticketing problems, Hikvision developed customised algorithms to identify the most common kinds of traffic violations handled in Indonesia. Violations that the system can pick up include running a red light or stop sign, wrong-way driving, improper lane usage, illegal parking, motorcycle overloading and riding without helmets, odd-even plate violations, speeding, unfastened seatbelts, and using a cell phone while driving, among others. Hikvsion’s traffic cameras incorporate AI analytics built in.

Nine MP ANPR Intersection Violation Capture Units (iDS-TCE900-A/16) and nine MP IR ANPR Checkpoint Capture Units (iDS-TCV900-AI/25) have been installed at the busiest intersections and checkpoints in the most populous regions, including Jakarta and South Sumatra. These artificial intelligence-enabled smart cameras identify and process traffic violations, classified by the algorithm. The high-definition violation evidence then gets safely stored in Hikvision’s Hybrid SAN systems.

Hikvision’s HikCentral video management system has been integrated with the traffic department’s official electronic ticketing system provider. Traffic images captured by smart traffic cameras and stored in the Hybrid SAN systems are fed into the e-ticketing system. After this, the system provider conducts video analysis and automatically issues tickets as traffic violations occur.

The traffic violation ticketing process in Jakarta and South Sumatra has been digitalised and automated, making the administrative management process more efficient and effective throughout the ticketing process, as well as assisting traffic units in administrative management. The current electronic ticketing system has proven to be much faster than conventional ticketing, reducing the time spent in issuing a traffic violation and making it possible for traffic officers to spend more time patrolling and less time checking video footage and completing paperwork.

Adding artificial intelligence has improved the accuracy of the tickets issued, minimising disputes between citizens and traffic officers due to human errors. With higher automation and less manual work, the system is now more transparent, and the issue of human errors has been reduced considerably.

Jakarta and South Sumatra have been the first regions to implement the ETLE system. ETLE chief executive in South Sumatra, said: “With the help of the intelligent traffic solution from Hikvision, ETLE has been successfully implemented in South Sumatra. Digitalisation of the ticketing system has facilitated speed, convenience, and transparency of the ticketing process. The success of this project is encouraging more and more Indonesian cities to implement the system.”

“As AIoT becomes an increasingly fundamental technology for effective traffic management, cities are embedding artificial intelligence-enabled smart cameras at interactions, along city streets and other areas of traffic concern,” said Stephen Shi, Project Director at Hikvision Indonesia, “By analysing data from those cameras, modern cities will be able to digitalise traffic management, and manage day-to-day operations much more efficiently. By successfully implementing ETLE, Hikvision has contributed to the digitalisation of the country’s traffic management while setting an example of what AIoT can do for traffic management.”