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Bosch and Mercedes pilot automated driving in San José
- January 7, 2020
Bosch and Mercedes-Benz have started an automated ride-hailing service pilot project in San José, California. They hope this will provide insights for the development of automated driving.
Automated S-Class vehicles equipped with Bosch and Mercedes-Benz driving system and software are providing a shuttle service between west San José and downtown.
The automated vehicles are monitored by a safety driver. The self-driving cars shuttle between west San José and downtown, along the San Carlos Street and Stevens Creek Boulevard thoroughfares. The service will initially be available to a select group of users who will use an app developed by Daimler Mobility to book a journey by the from a defined pick-up point to their destination.
Bosch and Mercedes-Benz hope this trial will provide insights into the further development of their SAE levels four and five automated driving system. The partners also expect to gain insights into how self-driving cars can be integrated into an intermodal mobility system that also includes public transportation and car sharing.
In mid-2017, San José was the first US city to invite private companies to carry out field tests of automated driving and analyse the growing challenges in road traffic. Especially in congested city traffic, self-driving cars’ permanent 360-degree surround sensing can potentially enhance safety, and their smooth driving style can improve traffic flow.
“As a city, we want to know more about how automated vehicles can help improve safety and reduce congestion, as well as make mobility more available, sustainable and inclusive,” said Dolan Beckel, director of civic innovation and digital strategy. “The project of Mercedes-Benz and Bosch ties in with San José’s extensive smart city objectives. It will also help us develop guidelines for dealing with new technologies and prepare for the traffic system of the future.”
From August to November last year, representatives of the project joined staff from San José to discuss the project with several community organisations. At seven meetings of neighbourhood and business groups along the corridor, the team discussed the project goals, demonstrated the vehicle technology, explained the layers of safety redundancy built into the project, and took suggestions for future use cases.
“If automated driving is to become everyday reality, the technology has to work reliably and safely,” said Michael Fausten, head of engineering for urban automated driving at Robert Bosch. “And this is where we need tests such as our pilot project in San José.”
For two and a half years, Bosch and Mercedes-Benz have been working on automated driving in cities. Their common goal is a levels four and five driving system for fully automated and driverless vehicles, including the software for vehicle management. However, they are not interested in prototypes, but instead want to develop a production-ready system that can be integrated into different vehicle types and models.
“It’s not just the automated vehicles that have to prove their mettle,” said Uwe Keller, head of autonomous driving at Mercedes-Benz. “We also need proof that they can fit in as a piece of the urban mobility puzzle. We can test both these things in San José.”
In their work to develop software for controlling vehicle movement, the partners deliberately do not rely solely on artificial intelligence and clocking up test mileage. Their engineers also use simulations and specially designed proving grounds to address the kind of driving situations that occur only very rarely in road traffic.
For this purpose, engineers at the Immendingen testing and technology centre in Germany can also make use of a 100,000 square-metre proving ground designed especially for automated driving. There, complex traffic situations can be reproduced extremely accurately, and as often as desired.
The alliance is not exclusively concerned with the road and weather conditions in the USA. While one part of the team is based in Sunnyvale, a Silicon Valley city between San José and San Francisco, another part comprising engineers from both companies works in the Stuttgart area.
Wherever they work, the Bosch and Mercedes-Benz associates sit desk to desk. This ensures short decision-making channels and rapid exchange across disciplines. And at any time, associates can draw on the knowledge and expertise of their colleagues in their parent companies.
Here, Bosch know-how ranging from sensors, control units, and steering and brake control systems to entire automotive subsystems can be seamlessly complemented by Mercedes-Benz’s experience in systems integration and car making. The division of labour within the project is no different. Mercedes-Benz’s task is to make the jointly developed driving system ready for installation in the vehicle, and to provide the necessary trial vehicles, test bays and test fleets. For its part, Bosch develops and manufactures the components for urban automated driving that the alliance has identified.
Specially for their automated ride-hailing service pilot project, Bosch and Mercedes-Benz have taken a further partner on board: Daimler Mobility is developing and testing a fleet platform to accompany the pilot operation phase. This allows potential ride-hailing partners to integrate self-driving vehicles seamlessly into their service portfolio. The platform manages both self-driving and conventional vehicles, including operation and maintenance.
An app-based mobility service for conventionally driven Mercedes-Benz vehicles went into operation in the Bay Area in autumn 2019. The service is also available in Berlin.