Nokia new NOS to scale cloud to Industry 4.0

  • July 15, 2020
  • imc

Nokia has developed a new Network Operating System designed to scale cloud operations to the needs of Industry 4.0 and industrial 5G. The new NOS will allow enterprises and cloud operators to design, deploy and automate data centre network fabrics rapidly and at massive scale to meet rapid traffic growth and constant change created by technology shifts such as 5G and Industry 4.0.

An early adopter of Nokia’s new NOS is Apple, which has deployed the solution within its cloud operations in its data centres

Nokia says that conventional network operating systems are restrictive and difficult to customise, integrate and automate. Typically they expose limited functions for customisation and require cumbersome integrations. According to Nokia, newer open systems attempts are undeveloped, challenging to operationalise and unproven at scale.

The company says that Nokia SR Linux is modern microservices-based NOS with a complete and rich set of programming capabilities. Applications are integrated through modern tools like gRPC (remote procedure call) and protobuf, with no recompiling, no language limitations and no dependencies.

SR Linux inherits Nokia’s Internet protocols from the service router operating system (SROS), which has an installed base of Nokia carrier-grade routers.

Nokia FSP is designed to build, deploy and monitor entire data centre networks with network level constructs. FSP includes technologies previously only available to the largest cloud builders, such as a real-time state-correct virtual digital twin for validation and troubleshooting.

Adam Bechtel, vice president and networking lead at Apple, said: “We regularly upgrade our data centre equipment with technology to increase efficiency and reduce energy consumption. Using Nokia’s new system will enable better networking and routing capabilities in our Viborg, Denmark facility.”

Neil McRae, BT Group chief architect, said: “As one of the world’s leading communications services companies offering security, cloud and networking services to consumers and businesses, we consider data centre automation as a foundational technology for our telco cloud model. Nokia’s new data centre fabric solution promises to provide full programmability with deep telemetry, along with a modern operational toolkit to drive the extreme automation and scaling of our telco cloud, which is critical to drive future 5G services.”

Basil Alwan, president of IP and Optical Networks at Nokia, said: “With decades of experience serving the world’s telecom operators, we understand the engineering challenges of building and operating business and mission-critical IP networks on a global scale. However, today’s massive data centres have their own unique operational challenges. The SR Linux project was the proverbial ’clean-sheet’ rethink, drawing from our partnership with Apple and others. The resulting design is impressive in its depth and strikes the needed balance for the future.”